Brazil is the first country to become a signatory of CBC and is one of the countries with highest biodiversity wealth in the world. It is estimated that the biodiversity in Brazil represents 20% of all living species on the planet. Besides that, approximately 12% of the world’s available water resources are located in Brazil.

Estimated 103.870 animal species and 43 – 49 thousand plant species live in Brazil’s 8,5 million km2 territory, not to mention micro organisms, algae, etc. The Brazilian Ministry of Environment produced an inventory report showing that only 7.302 Brazilian animal species are scientifically described. And only 40 thousand plant species are scientifically described, according to the most recent assessment produced by the National Center of Flora Conservation.

Biodiversity in numbers


approx. 43 e 49 thousand species


849 species


708 species


 530 species


1825 species

However, as science evolves new species are discovered. Approximately 700 new animal
species are discovered in Brazil whereas one new plant specimen is identified every other day.

Brazil has six biomes: The Amazon, Rain Forest, Cerrado, Pantanal, Caatinga and Pampas,
besides the Costal and Marine zones. In each of these biomes the biological diversity is
overwhelming. In the Amazon alone 311 mammal species, 1.300 bird species, 600 reptile
species, 200 amphibian species and 2.100 fish species have been identified according to data
from the Government Evaluation of the Brazilian Biodiversity Knowledge study.

Brazil also hosts two biodiversity hotspots: The Rain Forest and Cerrado, as well as six
biosphere reserves recognized by UNESCO. For all those reasons, Brazil is internationally
recognized as a mega biodiverse country.